The PSA test is a blood test that measures the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in your blood. PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland. A high level of PSA in the blood may be a sign of prostate cancer or other conditions that affect the prostate. If you have had a PSA test, it is important to understand the results. The following information can help you talk with your doctor about your PSA test results and what they might mean.

What do the results of a PSA test mean?

Results of a PSA test are given as a number. This number is called the PSA level. A PSA level of 4 ng/mL or lower is considered normal. A PSA level between 4 and 10 ng/mL is considered mildly elevated and may be due to an enlarged prostate. A PSA level greater than 10 ng/mL is considered significantly elevated and may be a sign of prostate cancer.

However, it is important to keep in mind that a high PSA level does not necessarily mean that you have prostate cancer. There are many conditions that can cause an elevated PSA level, such as an enlarged prostate or inflammation of the prostate. In addition, some men with prostate cancer may have a normal PSA level.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Cancer of the prostate is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland, a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces seminal fluid. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men, and it is one of the leading causes of death from cancer in men. Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause any symptoms. However, as cancer grows, it may spread to other parts of the body, causing symptoms such as weight loss, bone pain, and difficulty urinating. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for a diagnosis.

There are several risk factors for prostate cancer, including age, family history, and ethnicity. African-American men are at particularly high risk for the disease. Prostate cancer is also more common in men who have a family history of the disease. Other risk factors include obesity and a sedentary lifestyle.

Prostate cancer is usually diagnosed with a digital rectal exam or a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test. If your doctor suspects prostate cancer, he or she may also order a biopsy of the prostate gland. Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage of the disease, as well as your age and overall health. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and chemotherapy.

What should I do if my PSA test results are abnormal?

When PSA test results are abnormal, you should discuss them with your doctor. Your doctor may recommend additional testing, such as a prostate biopsy, to determine the cause of the elevated PSA level.

Screen for Prostate Cancer Early

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. It is important to talk with your doctor about your risk factors for prostate cancer and whether you should be screened for the disease. Screening tests, such as the PSA test, can help find cancer early when it is most likely to be curable.

Between the Ages of 50-74

Are you a man between the ages of 50 and 74? If you are and you have no symptoms or family history of prostate cancer, you should talk to your doctor about whether you should be screened for prostate cancer. The decision to be screened should be made after a discussion with your doctor about the risks and benefits of screening, as well as your personal preferences.

Age 75 or Older

Those who are age 75 or older, should ask their doctor if they should be screened for prostate cancer. The risks of screening (such as false-positive results and over diagnosis) are thought to outweigh the benefits in this age group.

This type of cancer is nothing to mess around with. A PSA test can help you know whether or not you need to seek further medical treatment. If you have questions, make sure you get in touch with Urology of South Bend.

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