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What Do Urologists Do?

What Do Urologists Do?

Recently, we discussed what Urology is in a crash course of the basics. Now, we’d like to move to the next logical topic: What a Urologist is. More specifically, what Urologists do with all their urological expertise.

But first, a quick review:

Urology is the field of medicine that deals with the urinary tract of men, women, and children, and the reproductive tract of males.

Urologists are the expert doctors and surgeons who work with these areas.

The Conditions Urologists Treat

Urologists are highly educated and skilled doctors and surgeons. With their expertise in the area of urology, the Urology Associates of South Bend are able to work with both men and women. Here are some conditions that warrant a visit with a urologist:


The most common conditions urologists treat in men are:

  • Prostate Disorders. Issues with the prostate are fairly common. When prostate problems occur, you’ll know exactly where to go.
  • Erectile dysfunction. Low testosterone is often blamed for this issue. Urologists can treat that, too.
  • Infertility. A variety of medical factors can contribute to infertility. A urologist can help determine and treat the underlying issues.
  • Urinary tract infections. While UTI‘s are more common in women, men are certainly not exempt. Urologists know what to do.
  • Interstitial cystitis. This chronic condition is more easily called painful bladder syndrome.
  • Kidney stones. These jagged, unforgiving kidney stones may leave a lasting memory, but a urologist can help ensure the reality doesn’t stick around.
  • Kidney disease. Kidney disease, left unchecked, can be dangerous and even fatal. Thankfully, urologists know what to do.
  • Cancers. Urology related cancers include kidneys, bladder, prostate, and testicles.


Men and women can experience similar urological conditions such as kidney stones or disease, bladder issues, and UTIs. In addition, a urologist is the expert to visit if a woman suffers with:

  • Urinary incontinence. This is not a condition unique to women. But it is more common among women as pregnancy can contribute to the risk of experiencing urinary incontinence.
  • Overactive bladder. Another condition both men and women suffer from, overactive bladder is a common reason for women to visit a urologist.
  • Pelvic floor prolapse. This occurs when the urinary tract organs move from their ideal place. You’ll be glad you know where to find a urologist if this occurs.
  • Pelvic floor issues. Pelvic floor muscles that are too relaxed can cause some frustrating problems. The same is true if those muscles are too tense. A urologist can help with either situation.
  • Cancers. While the specific body parts may differ, women and men alike can suffer from urological cancers.

Read More: Bladder Health and Urology

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